Many people get into organic gardening since they fear the toxic effects of commercial pesticides and fertilizers, both on the environment and their health. Organic horticulture is also cheaper; you don’t have to spend as much money on tools and equipment. Here are some fundamental tips to get you well on your way to being a successful organic gardener.
Put down sod correctly. The soil requires preparation before sod can be laid. Do some weeding if necessary, then break the soil until it is no longer packed. The next step is compacting your soil and carefully leveling it. Make sure you work with a moist soil. Sod should be placed in rows that are staggered, where the joints connect to offset each other. After the sod has been flattened to an even surface, you can use soil to fill any remaining gaps. Water the sod for two weeks and then you can safely walk on it as it will have had time to properly root.
It can be very hard to shovel clay soil, especially when it sticks to your shovel as you are working. Coat the shovel with floor or car wax, and buff it with a clean rag to make the job a lot easier. The wax will help keep dirt from sticking to the shovel, and will also keep the metal from rusting.
Use climbers to cover walls and fences. Plants that climb are extraordinarily versatile, and can help hide an unsightly wall or fence, usually within one season. They can cover an arbor, or grow through trees and shrubs. Some require a support, while other climbers attach to surfaces using twining stems or tendrils. Some dependable types include honeysuckle, clematis, jasmine, climbing roses, and wisteria.
Soil needs to be rich in certain nutrients to grow healthy plants. Depending on the types of plants you would like to grow, your garden’s soil might need to be amended with different substances to alter drainage, acidity and other charactheristics that make plants happy. It is also possible to set aside a portion of your garden to include just one type of soil.
Don’t mow your grass too short. If you let your grass grow, the roots will go deeper and make your lawn more resistant to dryness. The shorter the grass, the shallower the roots, which makes the lawn more likely to develop brown patches.
It is possible to use natural materials as well as other plants to help keep pests away from your garden. For example, planting a border consisting of marigolds or onions can repel slugs. Mulch around the bottom of trees and shrub seedlings with wood ash to reduce unwanted infestation of pests. These methods are environmentally-friendly and mean you do not have to resort to harsh chemicals.
Know when to harvest your vegetables at precisely the right time. Every vegetable has a proper time to be picked in order to capture the perfect flavor. Harvesting zucchini is best done when they are small and baby peas should be harvested when they are young. On the contrary, tomatoes shouldn’t be picked from the vine until they are ripe as can be. So, make sure you do some research, and find out when the best time to harvest your vegetables is.
Look for targeted pesticides instead of using popular but damaging broad-spectrum products. While broad-spectrum pesticides will kill most pests, they will also kill helpful insects. These helpful bugs are usually more sensitive to the chemicals than the pests, so if you find yourself in a situation where the good bugs are dying out, you can expect the pest problem to grow. As a result, gardeners often have to resort to using more toxic pesticides to get rid of garden pests.
Organic horticulture is healthier. You won’t be exposing your plants – and yourself to toxins or chemicals. Use the tips you just read to help you start planting your organic garden. When you work to keep your garden in tune with nature, you’ll also see more birds and animals stop by for a visit.